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The Division of Probation and Correctional Alternatives (DPCA) funds and oversees a variety of pretrial services and correctional alternative programs throughout New York State, often referred to as Alternative to Incarceration or ATI programs. These programs may fall under the authority of governmental or non-profit agencies. They operate in conjunction with the criminal justice system in all New York State counties and the City of New York.

Currently, DPCA funds approximately 165 ATI programs designed to reduce reliance on pretrial detention and/or incarceration and operate in a manner consistent with public safety. The following are examples of alternative to detention and incarceration measures and programs funded through DPCA in New York State:

Shared Services: Alternatives to Incarceration for Defendants and Offenders with Mental Illness
In 2002, the New York State Division of Probation and Correctional Alternatives (DPCA) first awarded seven grants mostly at $50,000 per year for a five year period, to provide specialized mental health services to defendants and offenders who are seriously mentally ill (eligible Axis

In the pilot phase of this initiative, one of the awards provided, beginning in July 1, 2001, was to the Education and Assistance Corporation for a project implemented in the Bronx, New York City. The subsequent successful award recipients received funding to continue with program development and enhanced services for a five year period, beginning July 1, 2002.

To ensure the success of this program, DPCA has requested the assistance of the NYS Office of Mental Health, the NYS Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled, the NYS Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services, the NYS Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance, the NYS Conference of Local Mental Hygiene Directors, and the NYS Council of Probation Administrators. The collaboration demonstrates DPCA's commitment to encourage the availability and the coordination of services and resources available for this shared population to avoid unnecessary incarceration.

The following is a list of the award recipients:

New York City Metropolitan Area:

Other Programs Located Around New York State

Pretrial Services
Most counties in New York State have implemented a pretrial release service, either through programs offered by the county probation department or through a community-based organization, to avoid unnecessary detention of defendants who are unable to post bail. The priority function of all the pretrial services programs is to determine defendant eligibility for release and to provide verifiable information such as the defendant's community ties with regard to residence and employment. The information provided to the courts is critical to the courts in determining whether

TASC and Drug and Alcohol Programs
New York State's TASC (Treatment Accountability for Safer Communities) and other treatment programs, supported with state funding, offers treatment alternatives for defendants sixteen and older, facing a jail or prison sentence, who are non-violent and have indicators of problem(s) with alcohol or other drugs.

Specialized Programs
Specialized ATI programs describe a variety of different approaches to the management of offenders aimed at maintaining support within the community. Here, target populations are identified and unique supervision of such populations is accomplished. Example populations include women, juvenile offenders, and individuals with multiple needs. Specialized ATI programs currently state funded are; family court or family oriented and YO/JO (youthful offender/juvenile offender) services, residential programs often involving addiction treatment services, and programs structured exclusively to address the special challenges faced by female offenders.

Community Service
These programs provide the courts with a means of creating a meaningful sanction for non-violent offenders who will return, through unpaid supervised work, an established amount of service to the community, as "payment" for the harm caused by their criminal behavior (sex offenders are excluded from any consideration for a community service alternative). The primary goals of community service involve community safety, while enforcing the court order of a specified number of community service hours.

Defender Based Advocacy (DBA)
Defender Based Advocacy programs generally have a direct affiliation to the defense bar including the Public Defender's Office, Legal Aid Services or agencies serving private attorneys representing the defendant. The significant contribution of the Defender-Based Advocacy service is the expanded capacity to screen defendants who could be appropriately managed within a community corrections setting, preparing a needs-based assessment and a client-specific plan for community based orders and conditions of release. The client-specific plan may includes recommendations for community supervision, employment and/or treatment options all geared toward the defendant's success in the community.